Diabetes is a disease that affects the body in several different ways. One particular complication can be a loss of vision. People with diabetes can get blurry vision when their blood sugar is too high. They’re also at greater risk for serious eye problems including cataracts, glaucoma and retinopathy.
Diabetes and Eye Care
Yearly dilated eye exams for people that have diabetes is an important part of making sure that the disease is being controlled. The retina is the only place in the human body where we can see both nerves and blood vasculature.
What to Expect at a Diabetic Retinal Exam
Eye exams for people with diabetes can include:
Visual acuity testing measures the eye’s ability to focus and to see details at near and far distances. It can help detect vision loss and other problems.
Ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp exam. These tests allow the doctor to see the back of the eye and other structures within the eye. They may be used to detect clouding of the lens (cataract), changes in the retina and other problems.
Gonioscopy is used to find out whether the area where fluid drains out of your eye (called the drainage angle) is open or closed. This test is done if Dr. Lemley thinks you may have glaucoma.
This test measures the pressure inside the eye which is called intraocular pressure (IOP). It is used to help detect glaucoma.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a test that may be done to check for fluid in your retina. This test is often done with other tests.
Fluorescein angiogram is sometimes done to check for and locate leaking blood vessels in the retina, especially if you have symptoms such as blurred or distorted vision that […]